Identification of L84F mutation with a novel nucleotide change c.255G > T in the superoxide dismutase gene in a North Indian family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Vats, Abhishek and Gourie-Devi, Mandaville and Verma, Meenakshi and Srinivasan, Ramachandran and Taneja, Bhupesh and Kukreti, Ritushree and Taneja, Vibha (2015) Identification of L84F mutation with a novel nucleotide change c.255G > T in the superoxide dismutase gene in a North Indian family with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration, 17.

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.3109/2167842...

Abstract

Mutations in the superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene account for ∼15% and in the transactive response DNA binding protein (TARDBP) gene for ∼5% of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) cases. These two genes were analysed in two siblings from North India with ALS and a positive family history. The coding region of SOD1 and TARDBP genes was sequenced in both siblings. Genetic variation identified in SOD1 was typed in unaffected family members (n = 11), sporadic ALS patients (n = 48) and healthy controls (n = 35). Molecular dynamic (MD) simulations were performed on wild-type (WT) and mutant monomers of SOD1 to determine structural changes due to the identified mutation. A novel heterozygous nucleotide variation (c.255G > T) was identified in exon 4 of SOD1 in the two siblings and two asymptomatic family members but not in SALS patients and healthy controls. This variation results in a known non-synonymous substitution from leucine to phenylalanine at position 84 (L84F), making it a triallelic variation. Large conformational changes were observed in the zinc loop and electrostatic loop in an L84F mutant compared to WT SOD1 in MD simulations. In conclusion, this is the first report of mutation in SOD1 associated with FALS in India. Structural perturbations in L84F SOD1 may cause dimer destabilization, with decreased metal affinity leading to oligomerization.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Genome informatics > G1 Genome informatics (General)
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Divisions: Faculty of Genomics and Molecular Medicine > School of Genomics and Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Raghu MV
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2017 07:08
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2017 07:08
URI: http://openaccess.igib.res.in/id/eprint/170

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