Prediction of viral microRNA precursors based on human microRNA precursor sequence and structural features

Kumar, Shiva and Ansari, Faraz A and Scaria, Vinod (2009) Prediction of viral microRNA precursors based on human microRNA precursor sequence and structural features. Virology Journal, 6 (129).

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Abstract

MicroRNAs (small approximately 22 nucleotide long non-coding endogenous RNAs) have recently attracted immense attention as critical regulators of gene expression in multi-cellular eukaryotes, especially in humans. Recent studies have proved that viruses also express microRNAs, which are thought to contribute to the intricate mechanisms of host-pathogen interactions. Computational predictions have greatly accelerated the discovery of microRNAs. However, most of these widely used tools are dependent on structural features and sequence conservation which limits their use in discovering novel virus expressed microRNAs and non-conserved eukaryotic microRNAs. In this work an efficient prediction method is developed based on the hypothesis that sequence and structure features which discriminate between host microRNA precursor hairpins and pseudo microRNAs are shared by viral microRNA as they depend on host machinery for the processing of microRNA precursors. The proposed method has been found to be more efficient than recently reported ab-initio methods for predicting viral microRNAs and microRNAs expressed by mammals.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: G Genome informatics > G1 Genome informatics (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Genome informatics and Structural Biology > School of Genome informatics
Depositing User: Raghu MV
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2012 07:39
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2012 07:39
URI: http://openaccess.igib.res.in/id/eprint/131

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